1523

Rulers:

• Carlos I, King of Spain (1516-1556)

• Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1519-1558)

Federico II Gonzaga, 5th Marquis of Mantua (1519-1530)

François I, King of France (1515-1547)

• Hadrianus VI (Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens), Pope (1522-1523)

• Henry VIII, King of England (1509-1547)

• Henry VIII, Lord of Ireland (1509-1542)

Deaths:

• Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens (1459-1523), Pope Adrian VI (1522-1523)

Art:

• Holbein, Hans the Younger (c.1497-1543): Erasmus (1523)

• Holbein, Hans the Younger (c.1497-1543): Erasmus of Rotterdam writing (1523)

• Holbein, Hans the Younger (c.1497-1543): Erasmus writing (1523)

• Tiziano (c.1488-1576): Baccanale degli Andrii (1523-26)