1557

Rulers:

• Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1519-1558)

• Cosimo I de’ Medici, Duke of Florence (1537-1569)

• Felipe II, King of Spain (1556-1598)

Mary I, Queen of Scotland (1542-1567)

Births:

• Wtenbogaert, Johannes (1557-1644)

Deaths:

• Altoviti, Bindo (1491-1557)

• Medici, Maria di Cosimo I de’ (1540-1557)

Art:

• Bruegel the Elder, Pieter (c.1525-1569): Parable of the Sower (1557)

• Vasari, Giorgio (1511-1574): Don Giovanni e Don Garzia de’ Medici (1556-58)