1452

  Rulers: • Cosimo de’ Medici, Signore di Firenze (1434-1464) Births: • Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Deaths: • Arnolfini, Giovanni di Nicolao (c.1400-after 1452)  

1564

  Rulers: • Cosimo I de’ Medici, Duke of Florence (1537-1569) • Elizabeth I, Queen of England and Ireland (1558-1603) • Felipe II, King of Spain (1556-1598) Events: • Jardin des Tuileries created in Paris. Births: • Brueghel, Pieter the Younger (1564-1638) • Shakespeare, William (1564-1616) Deaths: • Michelangelo (1475-1564) Art: • Bruegel…

1475

  Rulers: • Lorenzo I de’ Medici, Signore di Firenze (1469-1492) Events: • San Giovanni Grisostomo destroyed by fire in Venezia. Births: • Giovanni di Lorenzo de’ Medici (1475-1521), Pope Leo X (1513-1521) • Michelangelo (1475-1564) Art: • Antonello da Messina (c. 1430-1479): Cristo morto sostenuto da un angelo (1475-1476) • Antonello…

Michelangelo

(1475–1564)   Works:   Madonna della Scala (Madonna of the Stairs) c.1490 Marble bas-relief, 56.7 x 40.1 cm Casa Buonarroti, Firenze     Battaglia dei centauri (Battle of the Centaurs) 1490–1492 Marble bas-relief, 84.5 x 88 cm Casa Buonarroti, Firenze…

1976

  Rulers: • Gerald Ford, 38th President of the United States (1974-1977) Births: • Cumberbatch, Benedict (1976) • Macdonald, Kelly (1976) • Murphy, Cillian (1976) Deaths: • Aalto, Alvar (1898-1976) • Christie, Agatha (1890-1976) • Morelli, Rina (1908-1976) • Reed, Carol (1906-1976) • Visconti, Luchino (1906-1976) Film: • Family Plot (1976) • L’innocente (1976) • Murder…

Alvar Aalto

(1898–1976) Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto .  Works:   Stacking Armchair 1929 Birch and plywood, 68.6 x 50.8 x 53.3 cm Museum of Modern Art, New York     Cantilevered Stacking Side Chair 1930 Chrome-plated plywood, 79.4 x 54.9 x 63.5…

1680

  Deaths: • Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598-1680) Works of Art: • Lairesse, Gérard de (1641-1711): Abraham receiving the three angels of the Lord (1680-1685) • Lairesse, Gérard de (1641-1711): Achilles Discovered among the Daughters of Lycomedes (c.1680) • Lairesse, Gérard de (1641-1711): Bacchus and Ariadne (c.1680) • Lairesse, Gérard…

1598

  Rulers: • Elizabeth I, Queen of England and Ireland (1558-1603) • Felipe II, King of Spain (1556-1598) • Felipe II, King of Portugal (1581-1598) • Henri III, King of Navarre (1572-1610) • Henri IV, King of France (1589-1610) Events: • Canonization of Isidoro de Sevilla, St. (c.556-636)…

Sculptors

  • Aalto, Alvar (1898-1976) • Abbéma, Louise (1853-1927) • Astruc, Zacharie (1833-1907) • Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598-1680) • Boccioni, Umberto (1882-1916) • Brunet, Eugène Cyrille (1828-1921) • Canova, Antonio (1757-1822) • Dalí, Salvador (1904-1989) • Degas, Edgar (1834-1917) • Derain, André (1880-1954) • Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968) • Gauguin, Paul (1848-1903) • Gris, Juan (1887-1927) • Legros, Alphonse (1837-1911) • Leonardo da…

Architects

  • Aalto, Alvar (1898-1976) • Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598-1680) • Bramante (1444-1514) • Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) • Michelangelo (1475-1564) • Pueyrredón, Prilidiano (1823-1870) • Raffaello (1483-1520) • Vasari, Giorgio (1511-1574)  

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

(1598–1680) Works:   Baccanale: un fauno preso in giro da bambini c.1616–1617 Marble, 132.4 x 73.7 x 47.9 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York     Enea, Anchise e Ascanio 1618–1619 Marble, h. 220 cm Galleria Borghese, Roma    …

1610

  Rulers: • Henri III, King of Navarre (1572-1610) • Henri IV, King of France (1589-1610) Events: • Grand Curtius opened in Liège. Deaths: • Caravaggio (1571-1610) • Henri IV, King of France (1553-1610) Literature: • Shakespeare, William (1564-1616): Cymbeline (1610) Art: • Caravaggio (1571-1610): David con la testa di Golia (1609-1610) • Caravaggio (1571-1610): Martirio di Sant’Orsola (1610)…

1571

  Rulers: • Alvise I Mocenigo, Doge della Repubblica di Venezia (1507-1577) • Cosimo I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1569-1574) • Elizabeth I, Queen of England and Ireland (1558-1603) • Felipe II, King of Spain (1556-1598) Births: • Caravaggio (1571-1610) Art: • Allori, Alessandro (1535-1607): La…