1844

Rulers:

• Charles XIV John, King of Sweden and Norway (1818-1844)

• John Tyler, 10th President of the United States (1841-1845)

• Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837-1901)

Events:

National Museum of Serbia established in Belgrade.

Wadsworth Atheneum established in Hartford.

Births:

Bernhardt, Sarah (1844-1923)

Beuret, Rose (1844-1917)

Cassatt, Mary (1844-1926)

• Hoschedé Monet, Alice (1844-1911)

• Meurent, Victorine (1844-1927)

• Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844-1900)

Rousseau, Henri (1844-1910)

• Verlaine, Paul (1844-1896)

Deaths:

Bonaparte, Joseph, King of Spain, Naples and Sicily (1768-1844)

Charles XIV John, King of Sweden and Norway (1763-1844)

Literature:

• Dickens, Charles (1812-1870): Martin Chuzzlewit (1843-1844)

• Dickens, Charles (1812-1870): The Chimes (1844)

• Dumas, Alexandre (1802-1870): The Count of Monte Cristo (1844)

Music:

• Berlioz, Hector (1803-1869): Le Carnaval romain (1844)

• Chopin, Frédéric (1810-1849): Piano Sonata No 3 (1844)

• Verdi, Giuseppe (1813-1901): Ernani (1844)

• Verdi, Giuseppe (1813-1901): I due Foscari (1844)

Art:

• Corot, Camille (1796-1875): Le Moulin de la Galette (c.1840-45)

• Corot, Camille (1796-1875): Monte Pincio, Rome (1840-50)

• Courbet, Gustave (1819-1877): Courbet au chien noir (1842-44)

• Courbet, Gustave (1819-1877): Portrait de Juliette Courbet (1844)

Delacroix, Eugène (1798-1863): La mort de Sardanapale (1844)

Ingres, J. A. D. (1780-1867): Ferdinand Philippe, Duc d’Orléans (1844)

Millet, Jean-François (1814-1875): Femme nue couchée (1844-45)

Millet, Jean-François (1814-1875): La bergère assise (1840-50)

Thackeray, William Makepeace (1811-1863): Self-Portrait (c.1844)

• Turner, Joseph (1775-1851): Approach to Venice (1844)

Turner, Joseph (1775-1851): Rain, Steam and Speed (1844)

• Turner, Joseph (1775-1851): The morning after the storm (c.1840-45)

• Turner, Joseph (1775-1851): The Storm (1840-45)