1844

Rulers:

• Charles XIV John, King of Sweden and Norway (1818-1844)

• John Tyler, 10th President of the United States (1841-1845)

• Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837-1901)

Events:

Wadsworth Atheneum established in Hartford.

Births:

Beuret, Rose (1844-1917)

Cassatt, Mary (1844-1926)

• Hoschedé Monet, Alice (1844-1911)

• Meurent, Victorine (1844-1927)

• Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844-1900)

Rousseau, Henri (1844-1910)

• Verlaine, Paul (1844-1896)

Deaths:

Bonaparte, Joseph, King of Spain, Naples and Sicily (1768-1844)

Charles XIV John, King of Sweden and Norway (1763-1844)

Literature:

• Dickens, Charles (1812-1870): Martin Chuzzlewit (1843-1844)

• Dickens, Charles (1812-1870): The Chimes (1844)

• Dumas, Alexandre (1802-1870): The Count of Monte Cristo (1844)

Art:

• Corot, Camille (1796-1875): Monte Pincio, Rome (1840-1850)

• Courbet, Gustave (1819-1877): Courbet au chien noir (1842-1844)

• Courbet, Gustave (1819-1877): Portrait de Juliette Courbet (1844)

• Turner, Joseph (1775-1851): Approach to Venice (1844)

Turner, Joseph (1775-1851): Rain, Steam and Speed (1844)