1815

Rulers:

Fernando VII, King of Spain (1813-1833)

James Madison, 4th President of the United States (1809-1817)

Louis XVIII, King of France (1814-1824)

• Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (1804-1815)

Events:

• Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie founded in Frankfurt am Main.

Deaths:

Picton, Thomas (1758-1815)

Literature:

• Austen, Jane (1775-1817): Emma (1815)

Music:

• Cherubini, Luigi (1760-1842): Sinfonia in re maggiore (1815)

Art:

• Canova, Antonio (1757-1822): Le tre Grazie (1813-16)

• Canova, Antonio (1757-1822): Paride (1807-16)

• Canova, Antonio (1757-1822): Teseo e il centauro (1804-19)

• Goya, Francisco (1746-1828): Autorretrato (1815, Academia)

• Goya, Francisco (1746-1828): Autorretrato (1815, Prado)

Goya, Francisco (1746-1828): Disparate de tontos (c.1815-23)

Goya, Francisco (1746-1828): Retrato de Fernando VII (c.1814-15)

Goya, Francisco (1746-1828): Una reina del circo (c.1815)

Turner, Joseph (1775-1851): Dido building Carthage (1815)