Lamentation over the Dead Christ (1601-1602)

Rubens, Peter Paul (1577-1640)

Lamentation over the Dead Christ
Oil on canvas, 180 x 136 cm
Galleria BorgheseRoma

While in the past this Lamentation over the Dead Christ was ascribed to Antoon Van Dyck, today critics agree that it is by Peter Paul Rubens. Recent research has shown that the painting only entered the Borghese Collection when Camillo Borghese purchased it sometime in the 1810s or 20s.

What is less clear is the context of the work’s execution. It may have been commissioned by Cardinal Peretti Montalto, Rubens’s protector during his first stay in Rome at the beginning of the 17th century. Comparison with other paintings by the artist from this period confirms that our canvas dates to those years. (GB)