Venus Frigida (1614)

Rubens, Peter Paul (1577-1640)

Venus Frigida (Cold Venus)
Oil on panel, 143 x 184 x 3.8 cm
Koninklijk Museum voor Schone KunstenAntwerp

The title refers to Terence: “sine Cerere et Baccho friget Venus” (“without Ceres and Bacchus, Venus freezes”) that is, love cannot survive without food and wine.

See also:

• Terence (c.195 BC-c.159 BC)