San Girolamo (c.1638-1640)

Ribera, Jusepe de (1591-1652)

San Girolamo (Saint Jerome)
c.16381640
Oil on canvas, 129 x 100.3 cm
Cleveland Museum of ArtCleveland

Saint Jerome (about ad 347–420) translated biblical texts into Latin. Although he sometimes appears as a scholar in his study, Ribera represents him here as a penitent who withdrew to the desert, beating his chest with a stone to emulate Christ’s suffering and contemplating a skull symbolizing human vanity. Working in Naples, Ribera enthusiastically adapted Caravaggio’s characteristic use of light and dark and naturalistic models. (CMA)